Debian doesn't work on QNAP devices with 1 GB of RAM (i.e. TS-420U,
TS-421 and TS-421U). Even though we reported this to the Linux kernel
developers, they found it difficult to investigate this issue and it
never got fixed. The best workaround is to add
mem=768M to the kernel
command line to limit the RAM.
If you have the QNAP firmware, you can make the change with the following commands. These commands will:
- Write the current u-boot configuration to
bootargsfrom the file so you can verify it looks good.
- Write the new u-boot configuration to flash.
ubootcfg -b 0 -f /dev/mtdblock4 -o - | sed "s/^\(bootargs=.*\)/\1 mem=768M/" > /tmp/debian.uboot grep "^bootargs" /tmp/debian.uboot # Check it looks sane ubootcfg -b 0 -f /dev/mtdblock4 -i /tmp/debian.uboot
If you're running Debian (1 GB was working fine with Debian jessie), you can change the kernel arguments as follows.
sudo cp /usr/share/doc/u-boot-tools/examples/qnap_ts119-219.config /etc/fw_env.config sudo fw_printenv bootargs
(The config file is for TS-119/TS-219, but it will work fine on TS-4xx models.)
The output should be something like this:
bootargs=console=ttyS0,115200 root=/dev/ram initrd=0xa00000,0x900000 ramdisk=34816
You have to append
mem=768M to these boot arguments in order to restrict
the memory to 768 MB.
sudo fw_setenv bootargs "console=ttyS0,115200 root=/dev/ram initrd=0xa00000,0x900000 ramdisk=34816 mem=768M"
Finally, you can run
sudo fw_printenv bootargs again to verify that
mem=768M has been adding to the boot arguments.
Now you can either perform an upgrade or put the installer in flash and perform a new installation.