This page describes how to install a new version of U-Boot on your plug computer. U-Boot is the boot loader used on plug computers.
First of all, check which version of U-Boot is installed on your plug computer to find out whether you have to perform this upgrade. Connect to U-Boot using the serial console and type:
This will show the version of U-Boot on your plug computer. Two different (and slightly incompatible) variants of U-Boot are commonly used on plug computers. When Marvell introduced the first plug computers a few years ago, they created their own variant of U-Boot to add support for plug computers. This work has been integrated into the official U-Boot variant in the meantime. The advantages of the official U-Boot variant (sometimes known as DENX) is that it is much more rapidly developed and therefore offers features and bug fixes not found in the Marvell variant. We will use the DENX variant.
When you type
version in U-Boot, you can easily spot if you're using the
Marvell version. It shows the U-Boot version 1.1.4 plus a separate Marvell
version, as in this example:
U-Boot 1.1.4 (Dec 27 2009 - 22:03:21) Marvell version: 3.4.27
On the other hand, the version string of the DENX variant looks like this:
U-Boot 2014.10+dfsg1-5 (Apr 07 2015 - 21:57:04)
In other words, U-Boot is followed by a date and there is no Marvell version.
If your plug computer is using the Marvell variant of U-Boot, you have to upgrade since the installation guide assumes that you're using the DENX variant. If you're already using the DENX variant, you can upgrade in case your U-Boot is older than the one above (i.e. older than 2014.10).
If you're upgrading from the Marvell to the DENX variant, issue the following command and write down your MAC address. This step is important because all U-Boot configuration data (including your MAC address) is lost when upgrading from the Marvell to the DENX U-Boot.
Obtain the U-Boot binary for your device and save it as
Please note that since the boot loader interacts with the hardware, you
have to use the correct u-boot binary for your device. If your device is
not listed on this page, it is not safe to use another u-boot
binary listed here!
Note: we use u-boot from Debian stretch (Debian 9) since the u-boot from Debian buster (Debian 10) appears to be broken on the SheevaPlug (although it's possible this got fixed). The status of u-boot from Debian 11 is unknown. If someone wants to test u-boot and knows how to use OpenOCD to recovery if it doesn't work, please contact me.
- SheevaPlug (the original SheevaPlug, the eSATA SheevaPlug and the Ionics Nimbus 100)
- GuruPlug (GuruPlug Server Standard and GuruPlug Server Plus)
- Seagate FreeAgent DockStar
You have to complete three steps in order to install the new U-Boot. First, you have to load the new U-Boot to your plug computer, either via USB or TFTP:
USB: First of all, copy the U-Boot binary `u-boot.kwb` to a USB stick
formatted with the FAT filesystem. Then plug the USB stick into your plug
computer, connect the serial console and type the following commands:
usb start fatload usb 0:1 0x0800000 u-boot.kwb
TFTP: If you have a TFTP server, copy the file `u-boot.kwb` to your TFTP
server. Then start your plug computer, connect the serial console and type
the following commands:
setenv serverip 192.168.1.2 # IP of your TFTP server setenv ipaddr 192.168.1.200 tftpboot 0x0800000 u-boot.kwb
Second, you have to flash the new U-Boot:
- SheevaPlug (and SheevaPlug variants) and GuruPlug:
nand erase 0x0 0x80000 nand write 0x0800000 0x0 0x80000
sf probe 0 sf erase 0x0 0x80000 sf write 0x0800000 0x0 0x80000
Finally, you now have to restart your machine to activate the new version of U-Boot:
If you upgraded from the Marvell to the DENX variant, you now have to set your MAC address (replace the MAC address in the example with the one you wrote down before):
setenv ethaddr 00:50:43:01:c0:ab saveenv reset
You also have to set
eth1addr on devices with two Ethernet ports (such
as the DreamPlug).